Australia & Oceania » Australia
States in Australia
|Australian Capital TerritoryNew South Wales||QueenslandTasmania||VictoriaWestern Australia|
Name: Australien · Australie · Austrália
International country code: 61 (omit first 0 from area code)
International access code: 0011
Area: 7,692,030 km˛ / 2,969,932 sq mi.
Currency: 1 Australian Dollar (A$) = 100 Cents
Religions: 68% Christians
Climate: The north is a tropical and the south a temperate zone. Temperate regions have 4 seasons and tropical areas only summer (wet) and winter (dry).
Important gay cities: Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Cairns & Perth
The 2004 Marriage Amendment Act excludes complete equalization with heterosexual unions on a federal level, but efforts to change it are underway. On the 20th May 2008 the Civil Partnerships Act came into effect. Under the Civil Partnership Act couples pension laws as well as visitation rights in hospitals have been amended. A Marriage Equality bill, introduced by the local Green Party to parliament in June 2009, was rejected in November 2009. The Greens thereupon announced a second attempt in the following legislative period. Initiatives to repeal the 2004 Marriage Act have become mired in political procedure and their success is more than doubtful as both previous Labour prime ministers as well as the liberal-conservative premier currently in office have resolutely spoken out against permitting gay marriage in the past. The premiers of South Australia and Tasmania are meanwhile engaged in attempts to launch their own, state-wide legislation on gay marriage. The first of the four gay marriage bills under discussion at this moment in time has already been defeated with a large majority. It is currently impossible to predict whether Australia will introduce same-sex marriage because of the profound dissension on a political level, although a majority have spoken out in favour of gay unions in surveys. A third of Australia's eight federal states and territories have various regulations for same-sex couples. But in December, the High Court came to the unanimous and spectacular decision that gay marriage can only be legalized by way of federal law. This clearly implies that individual states are not authorized to introduce gay marriage in their territories independently. It also increases the pressure for the Australian parliament to take action in the coming years. Tasmania is the first Australian federal state to have decided in favour of recognizing overseas same-sex marriages. Australia is a federation of six states and two territories. For exact details please refer to the corresponding heading for each state or territory. Australia, an island continent the size of Europe, offers an incredibly diverse gay travel experience: wonderful beaches, amazing rainforests, modern cities, ski areas in winter and the Red Centre with open space as far as the eye can see and wonderful never-ending blue skies. You will find the Australians friendly and hospitable, always pleased to show you their country.
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